Puppy Vaccination Schedule

Why is puppy vaccination important?

Puppy vaccinations protect pups from some of the most important infectious dog diseases, a number of which can be fatal. Vaccines contain weakened or inactive parts of a particular organism that triggers an immune response within the body. When you get your puppy vaccinated, the vaccine helps the body learn how to defend itself from these important diseases without the dangers of a full-blown infection.

Puppy vaccination
Puppy vaccination

Diseases that can be prevented through puppy vaccination

Vaccines are available for several important infectious diseases in puppies and dogs:

  • Canine Parvovirus
    A severe and frequently fatal cause of gastroenteritis. Disease is more common and severe in young puppies, but unvaccinated dogs of all ages can be infected.
  • Canine Distemper Virus
    A highly contagious and potentially fatal viral disease. Infected dogs may develop a range of signs including fever, coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, vomiting, diarrhoea and seizures.
  • Infectious Canine Hepatitis
    An often fatal viral disease. Signs may include fever, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhoea. In severe cases death can occur rapidly within 24 to 48 hours.
  • Leptospirosis
    A bacterial disease which can affect many different species, including dogs and humans. Infected dogs may develop problems such as liver disease, kidney disease and bleeding disorders.
  • Canine Coronavirus
    A highly contagious virus which may result in lethargy, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea and dehydration. In general, disease in young dogs is more severe than in adults
  • Canine Cough
    A common infectious disease which can be easily spread wherever dogs congregate. Signs include a dry hacking cough which may persist for several weeks. Organisms which can cause canine cough include Bordetella bronchiseptica and canine parainfluenza virus.



Types of puppy vaccinations

There are different types of vaccines for puppies and dogs. For example, core dog vaccines, also known as C3 vaccines, are injectable vaccines, whereas canine cough vaccines are often given orally or intranasally.

Puppy vaccination 1
Puppy vaccination 2
Puppy vaccination 3

Puppy vaccination schedule

Very young puppies are usually temporarily protected against the important infectious diseases by antibodies received through their mother’s milk. They should then receive a course of vaccinations (usually starting from 6 weeks of age). Your vet will adapt the vaccination program according to your pup’s lifestyle and local disease conditions.

Some people may think that if they have their pet vaccinated when they are puppies, the immunity they receive will protect them for the rest of their lives. Unfortunately, this is not the case. To maintain protection, regular booster vaccinations of adult dogs are required. Re-vaccination stimulates the immune response so that protection is offered for an additional period. Without these regular vaccinations, your dog’s immune system may not provide the level of protection needed to keep your dog healthy. Booster vaccinations will be recommended by your veterinarian and will ensure your dog remains protected, whatever its age.



  • When are puppy vaccinations done?

    The puppy vaccination course typically starts from 6-8 weeks of age. Puppies will then receive a course of vaccinations. Your vet will advise you on the most appropriate vaccination schedule for your individual puppy.

  • How many vaccinations do puppies need?

    Puppies require a course of vaccinations to be fully immunised. Your veterinary clinic will advise you on the number of doses required according to your pup’s lifestyle and local disease conditions.

  • How long after the 2nd puppy vaccination can they go out?

    The safe time to start taking your puppy to public areas and to allow socialisation with other dogs will depend on the type of vaccines they have received and their age. Your veterinary clinic can advise you on when it is safe for your puppy to go out and start socialising.

  • How much are puppy vaccinations?

    The cost of a puppy vaccination course will depend on the type and number of vaccines that your puppy requires according to their lifestyle and local disease conditions. To find out more about how much puppy vaccinations cost, please contact your veterinary clinic.

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